Puppy Information

Starting out right

Puppy Information

Preventative Medicines

Make an appointment with your vet when you first get your pup for his first health check. Your vet will give you advice on intestinal worming, heartworm prevention, flea and tick control, vaccination, microchipping, puppy classes and insurance

Worming
Intestinal worms - worm every two weeks until 3 months old then every 3 months for the rest of their life. Treat for hook, round, whip and tape worm using a paste, tablet or medicated meaty chew

Heartworm - it is safe for your pup to use a monthly heartworm medication be it oral or topical in application. A long acting heartworm injection can be given. We often start this at 6 months of age when you pet is resented for de-sexing. Thereafter it becomes a yearly injection given at the same time as the vaccine

Flea + Tick control
Start early! There are many products on the market but to control fleas. Our current favourite is Comfortis (for Cats, you will also need Frontline during tick season) and Nexgard (for dogs). We still stock the topspot products, such as Advantage, Advantix and Frontline. Most products can be used on pups over 8 weeks

De-sexing
If you are not going to breed with your pup then de-sexing is a very sensible move. These days vets typically advocate de-sexing at 6 months of age. The surgery is simpler, safer and less stressful for your pet. Life is easier for you

Microchipping
By law all pups and kittens sold in NSW must be microchipped before they are sold. Ensure the breeder, petshop or wealfare society provides you with the details. (Companion Animals Act NSW). Iif you purchased you pet outside of NSW is it likely you will need to get this done yourself. They must be chipped by 6 months of age, so it fits in well with our suggested de-sexing age. So for none microchipped pets we advocate chipping at de-sexing as they do not feel the injection while asleep. Note that stray animals MUST always be scanned before a new chip is implanted, as if the original owner exists these animals must be offered back to their original owner

Having a pet without a chip can attract a significant fine from your local council

You will have to have the paperwork lodged at your coucil in your name to ensure the pet is associated with you, not the breeder

Socialisation and puppy classes

The first few months of a puppy's life are considered the most impressionable. It is during this time that a puppy must be properly socialised; exposed to children, different people and a variety of situations. It is very important at this stage that these encounters be non-threatening. At puppy preschool socialisation can occur in a controlled environment. Most classes include exposing the pup to everyday experiences such as brooms, vacuum cleaners and other "scary" things as well as other pups and people. The major benefit of socialisation is that it teaches the pup to cope with new and different experiences and not become fearful or aggressive. Another benefits is a happy and well adjusted dog

How not to toilet train your puppy

Many puppy owners still subscribe to an antiquated and incorrect method of toilet training rubbing the puppy's nose in it

There is a feeling of self righteous indignation that the puppy knows what he has done wrong after all look how guilty he is! The owner then reasons that, if their displeasure is clearly indicated, the pup will learn not to repeat the behaviour. The trouble is, the pup is not really feeling guilty, he is confused and frightened, and responding to the anger of his owner by submissive behaviour (the hangdog look) which the owner often misinterprets as guilt
An 8 week old pup does not have bladder and bowel control. This gradually develops, and they will quickly become housetrained if they

know where is an appropriate place to go

can get to it - no steps, closed doors etc

A mistake in the house is actually a mistake by the owner, who has not realised that the puppy needs to relieve itself. This is most common after eating, sleeping or playing
Pups, like children, thrive on praise and will try very hard to please if they understand what their owner wants

The New Puppy Check List

Food

It is preferable to buy a good quality puppy food (wet/dry) such brands include: Science Diet, Eukanuba & Advance (there are many others). These diets contain all the nutrients a pup needs, there is no need for calcium supplements or eye of newt! Veterinary sold brands tend to be higher quality and are more concentrated so therefore you feed less, it also means that there are less droppings and less smell. (This makes a big difference in a large breed dog!)

Be aware that a sudden change in diet can quite often give the pup diarrhoea so change to your preferred brand of food gradually
Biscuits are convenient to leave as a lunch time snack and also help keep the teeth in good condition. The philosophy in health care these days is prevention, so good oral hygiene as a pup is the first step to healthy teeth and gums in the future

Toys

All pups love to play with toys - it is a great way to expend some of that puppy energy. To keep things interesting, try having 2 or 3 baskets of toys which you can rotate every day or so. This means that you always have a "new" supply of toys to play with

Distractions

While your pup is alone, try to provide things to keep them busy such as: - chew toys, rawhide chews or similar, toys you can stuff with food (Kongs, Treatball), and big meaty bones. Confining your pup to one part of the house/yard can limit the destruction zone

Bed

Your pup needs a place to call his own, somewhere he feels secure. A crate for overnight ensures that your pup will not get into mischief over night and will confine him/her to bed. (You will of course have to make sure that you take them out for a wee just before bed and first thing in the morning!) Another alternative is a bed in the laundry where little "accidents" can be cleaned up easily. It is a good idea to start how you want to finish i.e. if you don't want to get up every time the dog makes a noise, don't fall into the trap of doing so when you first bring the dog home. If you attend to his cries you are rewarding him for it. Also, if you don't want your Great Dane sleeping with you as an adult then it is not a good idea for him/her to start there! Remember you are the boss

Accessories

Collar, lead, water bowl, food bowl and brush are essential. There are many different types of collars and lead - leather, chain and nylon. Nylon ones are easy to wash and quick to dry and the Lupine brand is guaranteed against chewing. As your dog grows you may want to purchase a gentle leader or head halter for your walks. Your choice of food & water bowl is entirely personal - there are plastic, ceramic and metal galore! (Heavy ceramic bowls for water are hard to tip and keep the water cool). Plastic bowls have been implicated in Feline Acne and as with humans reduced exposure to plastics is likely to reduce cancer risks

Training Book

An easy to follow training book the whole family can use can be very helpful. Your trainer at puppy preschool can recommend a good one for you